Medicine

CDC: Depending on age, you may need booster for protection from measles

CDC: Depending on age, you may need booster for protection from measles

The nation has now recorded the second-greatest number of cases reported since measles was declared eliminated in the U.S. in 2000.

New York City health officials on Wednesday reported 61 new cases since late last week, pushing this year's nationwide tally past the 667 cases reported for all of 2014.

"Yesterday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed there have been 626 individual cases of measles diagnosed across 22 states in the USA since the first of this year". "In fact, many clinicians have learned of measles signs and symptoms from textbooks alone and not clinical cases". Public Health will continue to monitor for measles cases and identify others who may have come in contact with persons with measles.

"The initial symptoms of measles include fever, lethargy, runny nose, moist cough and sore and red eyes", Dr Langley said.

Marks continued that not only does the MMR vaccine protect people against measles, mumps, and rubella, it also prevents complications associated with these diseases.

In 2000, measles was considered eliminated in the United States.

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"The very best way to prevent the measles or any vaccine preventable diseases is to get the vaccine", said Hamilton.

"However, there are pockets of people who are vaccine-hesitant", Messonnier said. City officials issued summonses to parents of three children last week for failing to have their children vaccinated against measles, a violation of the city's emergency order mandating immunizations to control a surging outbreak. In rare cases, an infection can occur in a person who has received vaccinations. Among those who are unvaccinated, it may be because of personal beliefs and medical reasons.

"Its most recent information shows "all regions of the world are experiencing sustained rises" in the number of measles cases with many countries "in the midst of sizeable outbreaks" due to low national rates of immunization or pockets within populations that remain unvaccinated".

For instance, the outbreak in NY, which was declared a public health emergency last month, began when an unvaccinated child became infected while visiting Israel, according to health officials. Most of those cases were centered in Clark County and involved children 10 or younger who were not immunized. Two doses of measles vaccine are over 97 percent protective against the disease.

There is no known current risk related to measles that exists at any of these venues at this time. There were 963 cases reported in the United States in 1994 and 508 in 1996. Out of the 359 confirmed cases in the Empire State, 306 cases were reported in those under 18 years of age.

The authors say that each complication and death related to measles is a "preventable tragedy that could have been avoided through vaccination".